The PirateBox & Internet Freedom

January 21, 2013 (LocalOrg) – There has been a big response regarding the PirateBox mentioned in “WiFi + USB Drive = Your Own Mini-Internet (Freedom)” ranging from mostly excitement to some confusion and many questions in between – especially on how to get involved.

The PirateBox is software
that can be used to turn your WiFi enabled computer into a local
router. It can also be used to make actual “PirateBoxes,” which are
stand alone devices that likewise create a local network. The advantage
of a local network, not connected to the Internet is that you can file
share and communicate your way around the draconian restrictions and
regulations being increasingly put into place on the Internet.

Q: How is this different than my router-based LAN?

A: PirateBox doesn’t require a router. It takes any device with a
WiFi modem, and turns it into the router. This includes mobile devices –
meaning that unlike your typical router, it can create a network
anywhere you can carry your mobile device – from your home or office, to
a train, or even on a jetliner.

Additionally, any device wishing to connect to your local network,
doesn’t need to be configured. The PirateBox network shows up in your
WiFi connection list like any WiFi network you would normally encounter
(like in a cafe).

You simply connect to that network, open your web browser, and the
PirateBox interface shows up as your homepage where you can share files
and chat inside the browser – users do not need to install or configure
anything at all on their computers – and it works across platforms
(Apple, Windows, Linux). If you want to connect to the Internet, you
simply open up your WiFi connection list again, and pick the network you
usually use for the Internet. Switching back and forth takes seconds.

Q: So what? So you can make a local network – why should I care? I like the Internet better. 

A. The Internet still is and will be a useful tool. But if we
have the technology to begin hedging the risk of depending entirely on
it, we should do so. That is the idea behind using software like
PirateBox and mesh networks
as inspiration for building a parallel Internet by and for the people,
undermining and circumventing efforts by special interests to curb our
liberties and freedom. 

A “collapse” or Orwellian nightmare should not be “prepared for,” but
instead be prevented by building up a myriad of alternatives that ensure
that even in the worst scenario, we have options that avert total
disaster. Like segmenting the hull of a ship, by creating alternative
communication networks, both centralized and decentralized, we increase
our ability to weather a wider range of adversity.  

Q: How do I install/buy/make a PirateBox?

Despite the name “PirateBox,” the real magic comes from the free
software itself. In reality, the most you need is a WiFi capable
computer and a USB thumb drive. With this you can download the free
software you need and begin using PirateBox today. Actual, physical
“PirateBoxes” are standalone devices that take the place of your
computer. You can make those too.

To run PirateBox on your existing computer, follow these instructions here.

To make different versions of an actual “PirateBox,” follow these instructions here.

David Darts has a website dedicated to PirateBoxes and hosts a long list of FAQ’s. See them here

Q: I want an instant solution to all my problems. The PirateBox just doesn’t deliver on that. 

A: The mess we find ourselves in was not made overnight, and the
solutions to these problems will not come in neat, prepackaged consumer
goods or services offering instant answers. We will have to
incrementally solve our problems through hard work and determination.
Something like the PirateBox is not a final solution. It is one of many
small steps we must take to move from total dependency on big-business,
to total self-reliance on ourselves and our communities.

If hard work and patience is something you are not interested in, then
maybe it wasn’t freedom you were after in the first place, but rather a
more comfortable cage. In that case, investigating the PirateBox, and
other means of creating local alternatives for a system that has been
co-opted by special interests and turned against us, is not for you.

Q. After you make a small local network, what’s next? 

A: Mesh networks, as covered in “Decentralizing Telecom.”
These operate using similar software that turn each computer on the
network into a router. These can cover a much wider area, and usually
involve more included software than just a file sharing and chat
client.  Something even larger than that depends on people getting
organized and building it.

Q. How else can I get involved?

A. The best way to get involved in projects like PirateBox or building mesh networks is to get down to your local hackerspace. If you do not have a local hackerspace, look into starting one.
A hackerspace can start with as little as a small group of friends
around a single table, working on very simple projects over weekends and
evolve from there. Like everything else in life, we cannot be thwarted
by the length of our journey by comparing it to the length of our
individual strides. Several small steps a day can add up significantly
over a year. The alternative is remaining paralyzed in fear or
resignation, doing nothing day to day, and at the end of the year,
having exactly nothing to show for it.


In summation – it is exciting to see so many people interested in a
real, pragmatic, tangible solution, no matter how small a solution it
may be. It is sincerely hoped that the people who created PirateBox get
the recognition they deserve for their clever software and hardware, and
get the support from the community to expand on this idea even further.